Subject Pronouns

Subject pronouns in French

The subject of a sentence is the person or thing which performs the action. Subject pronouns can replace persons or things (or a person or a thing). The subject pronoun indicates precisely what ending the verb must take in French.




Je = I  (1st person)


Ex :Je suis le pain de vie (Jean 6.48)

Nous = we (1st person)


Ex: Nous savons que Dieu n’exauce point les pécheurs (Jean 9:31)

Tu = you (2nd person)


Ex: Tu l’as vu… ( Jean 9:37)

Vous = you (2nd person)


Ex: Vous adorez ce que vous ne connaissez pas ( Jean 4.22)

 Il[1]/Elle[2]/on[3]  = He, she, it  (3rd person)



 a) Il y eut un homme envoyé de Dieu: son nom était Jean

b) Elle était au commencement avec Dieu (Jean 1:2)

c) On célébrait à Jérusalem la fête de la Dédicace (Jean 10.22)

Ils[4]/elles[5] =  they (3rd person)

Ex:  Ils suivirent Jésus (Jean 1.37)


[1]  Il is used for masculine nouns

[2] Elle is used for all femine nouns

[3] On is the indefinite pronoun. It is equivalent to English: we, one, they or you.

[4] Ils, a plural subject pronoun and is used for all masculine nouns, referring both to people and things.

[5]  Elles, a 3rd person plural subject pronoun and is used when all of the nouns (both people and things) are femine.

French Verbs: General introduction

Today we introduce the basic elements of French verbs. Generally all French verbs have to be conjugated. The forms (endings) of the verbs are determined by their subject. For example, in English the verb is conjugated mostly in the third person (i.e. I am, you are, he is; I go, you go, she/he goes; I talk, you talk, he/she talks, etc). We can take the liberty to say that the verbs in the English language have only three basic conjugations (i.e. I am, you are, he/she is). Further examples: I am, you are,  he/she is               I go, you go, he/she goes           I dance, you dance, he/she dances


However, verbs in French are classified into groups or categories.  There are three basic groups of verbs in French. Once you know the conjugation pattern for a category you will be able to conjugate the majority of verbs belong to that category. In other words, each group has its conjugation pattern.  As a result, it will be important to learn the basic paradigm for all three categories respectively. That will save a lot of headaches in the future.  The following are the major groups or categories:

  1. er verbs , the verbs belonging to the first category have an “er” ending in the infinitive.   

Envoyer = to send             Habiter = to dwell, to reside                   Donner = to give

  1. ir verbs, second group verbs have an “ir” ending in the infinitive.

Servir = to serve                      Finir = to finish                    Courrir= to run

  1. re verbs, third group verbs have an “re” ending in the infitive.

Mettre = to put             Vendre = to sell                           Rendre= to give back, to return (something)