Subject Pronouns

Subject pronouns in French

The subject of a sentence is the person or thing which performs the action. Subject pronouns can replace persons or things (or a person or a thing). The subject pronoun indicates precisely what ending the verb must take in French.

 

Singular

Plural

Je = I  (1st person)

 

Ex :Je suis le pain de vie (Jean 6.48)

Nous = we (1st person)

 

Ex: Nous savons que Dieu n’exauce point les pécheurs (Jean 9:31)

Tu = you (2nd person)

 

Ex: Tu l’as vu… ( Jean 9:37)

Vous = you (2nd person)

 

Ex: Vous adorez ce que vous ne connaissez pas ( Jean 4.22)

 Il[1]/Elle[2]/on[3]  = He, she, it  (3rd person)

 

Ex:

 a) Il y eut un homme envoyé de Dieu: son nom était Jean

b) Elle était au commencement avec Dieu (Jean 1:2)

c) On célébrait à Jérusalem la fête de la Dédicace (Jean 10.22)

Ils[4]/elles[5] =  they (3rd person)

Ex:  Ils suivirent Jésus (Jean 1.37)

     


[1]  Il is used for masculine nouns

[2] Elle is used for all femine nouns

[3] On is the indefinite pronoun. It is equivalent to English: we, one, they or you.

[4] Ils, a plural subject pronoun and is used for all masculine nouns, referring both to people and things.

[5]  Elles, a 3rd person plural subject pronoun and is used when all of the nouns (both people and things) are femine.